ALL ABOUT COFFEE

ALL ABOUT COFFEE

THE history of the word coffee involves
several phonetic difficulties. The European languages got the name of the beverage about 1600 from the original Arabic qahwah, not directly, but through its Turkish form, kahveh. This was the name, not of the plant, but the beverage made from its infusion, being originally one of the names employed for wine in Arabic.

Introduction of Coffee into Western Europe
When the three great temperance beverages, cocoa, tea, and coffee, came to Europe — Coffee first mentioned by Rauwolf in 1582 — Early days of coffee in Italy — How Pope Clement VIII
haptizetl it and made it a triily Christian beverage — The first European coffee house, in Venice, 1645 —The famous Caff6 Florian — Other celebrated Venetian coffee houses of the
eighteenth century — The romantic story of Pedrocchi, tJie poor lemonade-vender, who built the most beautiful coffee house in the world.

C O X T E N T S

A COFFEE THESAURUS

i:ncoiiiiums and descriptive phrases applied to the plant, the berry, and the beverage. .Page xxvix

THE EVOLUTION OF A CUP OF COFFEE
Showing the various steps through which the bean passes from plantation to cup… Page xxix

CHAPTER I
Dealing with the Etymology of Coffee
Origin and translation of the word from the Arabian into various languages — Views of many
writers ; .. Page 1

CHAPTER II
History of Coffee Propagation
A brief account of the cultivation of the coffee plant in the Old World, and of its introduction into
the New — A romantic coffee adventure…Page 5

CHAPTER III
Early History of Coffee Drinking
Coffee in the Near East in the early centuiies — Stories of its origin — Discovery by phyMcians
and adoption by the Church — Its spread through Arabia, Persia, and Turkey — Persecutions
and intolerances — Early coffee manners and customs… Page 11

CHAPTER IV
Introduction of Coffee into Western Europe
When the three great temperance beverages, cocoa, tea, and coffee, came to Europe — Coffee first
mentioned by Rauwolf in 1582 — Early days of coffee in Italy — How Pope Clement VIII
haptizetl it and made it a triily Christian beverage — The first European coffee house, in
Venice, 1645—The famous Caff6 Florian — Other celebrated Venetian coffee houses of the
eighteenth century — The romantic story of Pedrocchi, tJie poor lemonade-vender, who built
the most beautiful coffee house in the world…page 25-

CHAPTER V
The Beginnings of Coffee in France
What French travelers did for coffee — the introduction of coffee by P. de la Roque into Marseilles
in 1&44 — Tlie first commercial importation of coffee from Egypt—The first French coffee
house — Failure of the attempt by physicians of Marseilles to discredit coffee — Soliman
Aga introduces coffee into Paris — Cabarets ft caffe — Celebrated works on coffee by
French writers…Page 31

Xlll
CONTENTS
CHAPTER VI
The Introduction op Coffee into England
The first printed reference ito coffee in English— Early mention of coffee by noted English travelers
and writers — The Lacedaemonian black broth controversy — How Gonopios introduced
coffee drinking at Oxford^- The first English coffee house in Oxford—Two English botanistson coffee…Page 35

CHAPTER VII
The Introduction op Coffee into Holland
How the enterprising Dutch traders captured the first worlds market for coffee—Activities of
the Netherlands East India Company — The first coffee house at the Hague— The first public
auction at Amsterdam in 1711, when Java coffee brought forty-seven cents a pound, green…Page 43

CHAPTER VIII
The Introduction op Coffee into Germany
The contributions made by German travelers and writers to the literature of the early history
of coffee — The first coffee house in Hamburg opened by an English merchant— Famous
coffee houses of old Berlin — The first coffee periodical and the first kaffeeklatsch —
Frederick the Greats coffee roasting monopoly — Coffee persecutions — Coffee-smellers —
The first coffee king…Page 45

CHAPTER IX
Telling How Coffee Came to Vienna
The romantic adventure of Franz George Kolsehitzky, who carried a message to Garcia through
the enemys lines and won for himself the honor of being the first to teach the Viennese
the art of making coffee, to say nothing of falling heir to the supplies of the green beans
left behind by the Turks ; also the gift of a house from a grateful municipality, and a
statue after death — Affectionate regard in which Brother-heart Kolsehitzky is held as
the patron saint of the Vienna Eaffeesieder— Life in the early Vienna caf6s Page 49

CHAPTER X
The Coffee Houses op Old London
One of the most picturesque chapters in the history of coffee—The first coffee house in London—
The first coffee handbill, and the first newspaper advertisement for coffee— Strange coffee
mixtures— Fantastic coffee claims— Coffee prices and coffee licenses —Coffee club of the
Rota— Early coffee-house manners and customs— Coffee-house keepers tokens — Opposition
to the coffee house — Penny universities—Weird coffee substitutes—The proposed coffeehouse
newspaper monopoly — Evolution of the club— Decline and fall of the coffee house—
Pen pictures of coffee-house life — Famous coffee houses of tihe seventeenth and eighteenth
centuries— Some Old World pleasure gardens — Locating the notable coffee houses. .Page 53
CHAPTER XI
History op the Early Parisian Coffee Houses
The introduction of coffee into Paris by ThSvenot in 1657—How Soliman Aga established the
custom of coffee drinking at the court of Louis XIV—Opening of the first coffee houses—
How the French adaptation of the Oriental coffee house first appeared in the real French
caf6 of FrauQois Procoi)e -— Important part played by the coffee houses in the development
– of French literature and the stage—Their association with the Revolution and the founding
of the Republic— Quaint customs and patrons— Historic Parisian cafes…Page 91

XIV
CONTENTS

CHAPTER XII
Introduction op Coffee into North America
Captain John Smith, founder of the Ck)lony of Virginia, is the first to bring to North America alinowledge of coffee in 1607 — The coffee grinder on the Mayflower — Coffee drinking in 1668 —
William Penns coffee purchase in 1683— Coffee in colonial New England—The psychology
of the Boston tea party, and why the United States became a nation of coffee drinkers instead of tea drinkers, like England—The first coffee license to Iorothy Jones In 1670—The first coffee house in New England —Notable coffee houses of old Boston —A sky-scraper coffee-house Page…105

CHAPTER XIII
History of Coffee in Old New York
The burghers of New Amsterdam begin to substitute coffee for must, or heer, for breakfast in 1668 — William Penn makes his first purchase of coffee in the green bean from New York merchants in 1683— The Kings Arms, the first coffee house—The historic Merchants,sometimes called the Birthplace of our Union —The coffee house as a civic forum —The
Exchange, Whitehall, Burns, Tontine, and other celebrated coffee houses— The Vauxhall and Ranelagh pleasure gardens Page…115

CHAPTER XIV
Coffee Houses of Old Philadelphia
Ye Coffee House, Philadelphias first coffee house, opened about 1700—The two London coffee
houses— The City tavern, or Merchants coffee house— How these, and other celebrated resorts, dominated the social, political, and business life of the Quaker City in the eighteenth century Page…125

CHAPTER XV
The Botany of the Coffee Plant – Its complete classification by class, sub-class, order, family, genus, and species—How the Coffea arabica grows, flowers, and bears —Other species and hybrids described—Natural caffeinfree
coffee — Fungoid diseases of coffee Page…131

CHAPTER XVI
The Microscopy of the Coffee Fruit
How the beans may be examined under the microscope, and what is revealed — Structure of the
berry, the green, and the roasted beans—The coffee-leaf disease under the microscope —
Value of microscopic analysis in detecting adulteration Page…149
CHAPTER XVII
The Chemistry of the Coffee Bean –
By Charles W. Trigg.
Chemistry of the preparation and treajtment of the green bean —Artificial aging— Renovating damaged coffees— Extracts — Oaffetannic acid— Caffein, caffein-free coffee — Caffeol — Fats and oils— Carbohydrates — Roasting— Scientific aspects of grinding and packaging— The coffee brew — Soluble coffee — Adulterants and substitutes — Official methods of analysis
Page…155

XV
C O X T E X T S
CHAPTER XVIII
Pharmacology of the Coffee Deink .,
liy Charles IF. Trigg
General physiological action — Effect on chiklven — Effect on longevity — Behavior in the alimentaryregime—Place in dietary — Action on bacteria— Use in medicine — Physiological,, action of caffetannic acid — Of caffeol — Of caflfein— Effect of caffein on mental and motor
efficiency — Conclnsions Page…174

CHAPTER XIX
The Commercial Coffees of the World
The geographical distribution of the coffees grown in North America, Centi-al America, South America, tlie West India Islands, Asia, Africa, the Pacific Islands, and the Easit Indies — A statistical study of tlie distribution of the principal kinds— A commercial coffee chart
of the worlds leading growths, with market names and general trade characteristics
Page…189

CHAPTER XX
Cultivation of the Coffee Plant
The early days of coffee culture in Abyssinia and Arabia — Coffee cultivation in general — Soil.
climate, rainfall, altitude, propagation, prepairing the i^lantation, shade, w^ind breaks,
fertilizing, praning, catch crops, pests, and diseases—How coffee is grown around the
world — Cultivation in all the principal producing countries Page…197

CHAPTER XXI
Preparing Green Coffee for Market
Early Arabian methods of preparation— How primitive devices were replaced by modern methods —A chronological story of the development of scientific plantation machinery, and the part played by English and American inventors — The marvelous coffee package, one of the most ingenious in all nature— How coffee is harvested — Picking — Preparation by the drj- and the wet methods— Pulping— Fermentation and washing—Drying— Hulling,or peeling, and polishing— Siting, or grading — Preparation methods of different countries
Page…245

CHAPTER XXII
The Production and Consumption of Coffee
A statistical study of world production of coffee by countries— Per capita figures of the leading consuming countries — Coffee-consumption figures comiared with tea-consumption figures in the United States and the United Kingdom t— Three centuries of coffee trading— Coffee drinking in the United States, past and present— Reviewing the 1921 trade in the United
States Page…273

CHAPTER XXIII
How Green Coffees Are Bought and Sold
Buying coffee in the producing countries —Transiorting coffee to the coaisuming markets — Some
recoid coffee cargoes shipped to th^ United States —Transport over seas — Java coffee ex-sailing vessels — Handling coffee at New York, New Orleans, and San Francisco — The coffee exchanges of Europe and the United States —^Commission men and brokers— Trade and exchange contracts for delivery—Important rulings affecting coffee trading —Some well-known green coffee marks

And more…

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